2 place under restrictions; limit access to; "This substance is controlled" [ant: derestrict]
3 place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends" [syn: restrain, trammel, limit, bound, confine, throttle]
4 make more specific; "qualify these remarks" [syn: qualify]
EtymologyFrom Latin perfect passive participle restrictus, from verb restringere, from prefix re- again, + verb stringere.
- Rhymes: -ɪkt
- Chinese: 限制 (xiànzhì)
- Dutch: beperken
- Finnish: rajoittaa, pysyä jossakin
- French: restreindre
- German: beschränken
- Italian: restringere
- Japanese: 制限する (せいげんする, seigen suru)
- Korean: 제한하다 (jehanhada)
- Portuguese: restringir
- Russian: ограничивать (ograníčivat’)
- Spanish: restringir
- Swedish: inskränka
In the C programming language, as of the C99 standard, restrict is a keyword which may be used when declaring pointers. The restrict keyword is a message from the programmer to the compiler saying 'this is the only pointer to that memory block'. The data pointed to by a pointer declared with the restrict qualifier may not be pointed to by any other pointer, or strange runtime behavior may result.
If the compiler knows that there is only one pointer to a memory block, it can produce better optimised code. The following example makes it clear:
void UpdatePtrs(size_t* ptrA, size_t* ptrB, size_t* val) In the above code, the pointers ptrA , ptrB, val might refer to the same memory location, so the compiler will generate a less optimal code :
load R1 ← *val ; Load the value of val pointer load R2 ← *ptrA ; Load the value of ptrA ponter add R2 += R1 ; Perform Addition set R2 → *ptrA ; Update the value of ptrA pointer; Because ptrA may point to val. load R1 ← *val load R2 ← *ptrB add R2 += R1 set R2 → *ptrB
However if the restrict keyword is used and the above function is declared as void UpdatePtrs(size_t* restrict ptrA, size_t* restrict ptrB, size_t* restrict val) then the compiler is allowed to assume that ptrA , ptrB, val point to different locations and updating one pointer will not affect the other pointers. The programmer, not the compiler, is responsible for ensuring that the pointers do not point to different locations.
Now the compiler can generate more optimal code as follows:
load R1 ← *val load R2 ← *ptrA load R3 ← *ptrB add R2 += R1 add R3 += R1 set R2 → *ptrA set R3 → *ptrB
Note that the above assembly code is more optimal and the val is loaded once.
Another example is of memcpy. The two pointers used as arguments to memcpy(void*, void*, nbytes) are declared with restrict, which tells the compiler of the memcpy function that the two data areas do not overlap. This allows the compiler to produce a faster memcpy function. A programmer might send the same pointer as both arguments, in which case behavior of the memcpy function is undefined.
- Demystifying The Restrict Keyword: explanation and examples of use
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